BiomosomeTM seed mixtures have been developed on BIOME principles. They represent a significant advance on the all purpose veld seed mixtures, which are generally available.
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Guide to planting and management
Timing is important as effective preparation will require that the soil be moist and there must be enough time for the seed to germinate and the seedlings to establish before the next dry season. The soil must allow water penetration and aeration. The surface must be loosened to provide a rough seedbed.
Shallow cultivation will usually suffice after bush clearing and for open areas with light soils having less than 20% clay content. Heavier soils with over 20% clay in open areas are often compacted and if so will require ripping as deep as possible down to 600mm.
Seed should be applied superficially and evenly over the entire cultivated seedbed area and immediately rolled into the surface. A spreading agent is helpful in achieving even distribution.
Reclamation mixtures for rehabilitation of damaged veld and disturbed areas.
Before commencing rehabilitation it is vital to establish the cause of degradation and to take remedial action.
First full season. The soil may be fertilized to ameliorate serious deficiencies and imbalances of nutrients. For an entire growing season plants must be allowed to develop fully, flower and drop their seed. Therefore exclude grazing animals with appropriate fencing or brush packing and do not exfoliate by any other means. The dropped seed duly dispersed will assist in the following season and replenish the soil’s seedbank.
Second season onwards. Reclamation mixtures consist of pioneer, sub-climax and climax species. When used in ranching the grass must be utilised. The veld should left to grow under ambient conditions and without further fertilizer application or supplementary irrigation. Correct stocking and appropriate veld management will allow rapid plant succession to climax veld. When used in landscaping the grass should also be left to grow under ambient conditions. To promote rapid plant succession to climax veld it should be cut at least twice per year at a height of 100mm and the cut grass removed.
Wildlife mixtures to improve production
First season. The soil should be fertilized to ameliorate deficiencies and imbalances at the time of planting and thereafter top dressed to achieve good coverage, establishment and some production. If supplementary irrigation is available it may be used.
Second season onwards. These mixtures consist of high yield potential sub-climax species. Therefor manage according to best pasture practice with topdressing and supplementary irrigation if available. An important objective is to keep the first season’s established plants developing and producing thereby delaying natural plant succession with accompanying drop in yield potential.
Whether damaged through a bush fire or bovine overgrazing, the veld supporting southern Africa’s game farms and reserves can be assisted to return to its natural glory and intended carrying-capacity. Evirogrow’s Mike Zingel explains to freelance writer Alistair Cotton...
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This is the first in a series ofthree articles. The focus here is on needs assessment. The second will deal with establishment, and the final will cover management after establishment. Each facet is as important as the others. All three require thorough attention for...
This is the second in a series of three articles on veld improvement for game. The article in the previous issue dealt with needs assessment. The focus in this article is on establishment, and the final article will cover management after...
In the previous edition, the article on veld improvement for game dealt with establishment from planted seed and bringing the plants to maturity in the first season. Management after establishment is the key to harnessing the process of plant succession to optimise...
The farm Newlands situated in the Mankazana mountains in Bedford District, Eastern Cape Province has recently been converted into a game ranch, fenced with a 2,4 m game fence and amalgamated with the farm Stanley that has been a game ranch for a decade. It’s a simple...